..."one country, two systems" is China's established policy rule over Hong Kong. Hence, by China's own admission, in as much as Hong Kong is China, Hong Kong, having its former British colonial footprint and its high autonomy, remains unlike any other part of China.
Therefore, Beijing's mindful admission of the status of Hong Kong should be tempered with caution throughout the current series of protests by the people of strategic port city and financial hub.
Actions Beijing would normally take to quell dissent within the Mainland, should not be taken in Hong Kong since such insistence upon stringent order, could have disastrous secondary effects within Hong Kong that might transcend to other non-Mainland interests of Beijing.
Obviously, there are social grievances within Hong Kong. The Umbrella Movement by democracy seekers in 2014, served notice upon Beijing and the local government of these grievances. While a couple of years of relative calm might have appeared to have signaled a forgetfulness of such grievances, this year's protests - larger - the largest even seen in Hong Kong, numbering up to two-million people of a population of seven-million, has been more than sufficient service of notice to Beijing that Hong Kong is not satisfied.
That that many people would protest a proposed extradition bill entailing extradition to the Mainland, even upon assurances of Hong Kong judicial review before any extradition to the Mainland, certainly speaks vociferously of Hong Kong's social discontent given the legislative history of the intended law and amid the fact that Hong Kong has extradition agreements with some 21-countries, including the United States (US) and the United Kingdom (UK).
Drafted after a Hong Kong resident allegedly killed his pregnant girlfriend while visiting Taiwan and fleeing back to Hong Kong in light of Hong Kong having no extradition treaty with Taiwan, the proposed extradition law could have been a simple procedure in the former British colony. But, given local long standing grievances, fear of due process in Mainland China and an inept Hong Kong executive, Hong Kongers seized upon the proposed new law to vent their social fears. The truth remains that though the youth in Hong Kong fear the Mainland's judicial process, their greater grievance remains of their own seemingly insecure futures of being unable to afford the housing and benefits of their elders. They are scared. They are afraid of being priced out of Hong Kong. And Hong Kong's local executive has done nothing to dis-spell their fears.
Moreover, the tabling of the proposed extradition legislation has failed to appease to young Hong Kongers two demand a full withdrawal of the intended law. Also, the alleged police condoned attacks upon protesters by triad gangs have complicated the Hong Kong dilemma. And today's police tear gas and rubber bullets actions against protestors demonstrating against the attacks of gangs upon demonstrators will not solve the Hong Kong question. Neither would threats to utilize China army troops barracked in Hong Kong upon demonstrator at the request of the local government.
To keep Hong Kong under China's "one country, two systems" rule, Beijing should pressure Hong Kong's local government to offer greater social security to the island's many youth. Beijing could support the short term withdrawal of the extradition law and in accordance insist upon a change of leadership in Hong Kong to a more communicable one, which in time, could better explain the necessity for an extradition agreement with a larger number of partners.