First Scotland, then Kurdistan, now Catalonia - recent independence ambitions by peoples within larger nation States have either died or have been deferred. Aspirations deterred are essentially dead.
That Spain's central government in Madrid now controls the former autonomous Catalonia - perhaps the shortest ever lived declared Republic in modern history, confirms the death of Catalonia's independence. On Friday, just after Catalonia declared independence from Spain, the Madrid government fired Catalan's government and seized control of the Barcelona region.
Today, according to BBC-News reports, hundreds of thousands of Spaniards marched for Spanish unity through the streets of Barcelona, the seat of massive pro-independence rallies throughout October.
Now, Catalonia joins Scotland and Kurdistan in seeing their independence dreams quelled. However, unlike Scotland and Kurdistan, which could easily resurrect their deferred sovereignty bids, Catalonia's appear dead. Catalans could argue that they did briefly achieved independence, thus recording into history, the short-lived Republic of Catalonia.
Yet, in spite of Spain's actions to kill Catalonia's ambition to independence; the failed Scottish referendum at the polls; and the Kurds tabling of their independence bid, the dissent harbored by all of these peoples and others with regards to their existence within larger States, will continue to be a source of disunity and agitation until long-held grievances and concerns are addressed and settled.