The Ring of Fire - along which path major earthquakes struck Japan and Ecuador last week, serves as a real life reminder of the pressing need for nations exposed to natural disasters to strengthen the incorporation of technology in building as a means to reducing human casualties when earthquakes, volcano eruptions and tsunamis, occur.
Stretching from New Zealand to Polynesia, to Japan, to Alaska and along the entire stretch of the western coast of the Americas, the Ring of Fire - an active tectonic zone that houses 95 percent of the world's earthquakes, volcanoes and tsunamis, serves as proof of Earth's perpetual geological changes.
Industrialized Japan, which has over the years, strongly incorporated modern technology and design in building structures, suffered two major earthquakes measuring between 6.5 and 7.0 magnitudes on two consecutive days last week. Given the gravity of both earthquakes and the many aftershocks, Japan's death rate in both events numbered less than 50 - an unfortunate number of deaths, yet a low number compared to the strength of the earthquakes, the locations and the timing.
In contrast, developing Ecuador, which suffered a massive 7.8 magnitude earthquake, has recorded in excess of 500 deaths in that one event.
The science of the earthquakes from Japan to Ecuador confirms that incorporating better and modern technology in building structures could reduce the number of deaths in natural disasters. Hence, despite the possible high cost, nations exposed to major natural events of nature, should seek to better their building codes utilizing the latest technology in order to reduce the number of deaths and damages when these events do occur.