If the research is true that economic development alone is not sufficient to quench hunger, but that coupled with specific policies to redistribute some wealth including free school meals to the starving, has virtually eliminated hunger in South America, then an international effort to mix economic development with specific policies to aid the poor, should become necessary at this time in order to eliminate worldwide hunger.
The fact that the roll of the hungry worldwide has been reduced by 10 million souls in the last year should be of no comfort to the international community since, sadly, 795 million people still do not have enough to eat. And as long as there are any hungry people left, it remains a humanitarian problem that threatens stability and serene security.
"The State of Food Insecurity in the World, 2015" report was released by the United Nations(UN) yesterday in Rome. A positive aspect of the report was a 10 million reduction in the number of hungry people this year compared to last year. Moreover, the report revealed there were 167 million fewer hungry people in the world today compared to a decade ago despite population increase. Also that the number of people hungry today was 216 million fewer than in 1990, was another positive applauding detail of the report.
However, some findings of the report should cause global alarm. In sub-Saharan Africa, hunger is bucking the global trend by increasing and lagging in South Asia, while it has been reduced to almost zero in South America and has made major progress in East Asia and Southeast Asia. Also troubling from the report is the finding that three-quarter of the world's hungry are small farmers.
Since "Nearly one billion people are still starving, still suffering," quipped Josefina Stubbs, an official at the International Fund for Agricultural Development(IFAD), there is a lot the International Community could do to alleviate the problem. "Economic development alone does not solve the problem of hunger. We need specific policies to address the situation," suggested Jose Graziano da Silva, Director General of the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO).
As reported by Reuters, the UN report on world hunger found that social investments - including cash transfer programs for the poor, free school meal programs, investments in rural infrastructure such as roads, food storage facilities and training for farmers- coupled with economic growth, have all helped reduce starvation in South America to almost zero and contributed to reducing the roll of the world's hungry.
Therefore, economic development mixed with specific programs to aid the poor are necessary to solving world hunger and such programs should be expedited for the sake of humanity and toward worldwide stability.